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As we saw in the posts 16 and 17, there are five categories of phonemes in English. It is essential that you know the phonemes if you are learning English as a foreign language especially if you do not live in an English speaking country, because that’s the only way you can know how to pronounce correctly without necessarily listening to a native speaker.
In the previous posts we learnt all the vowel (long and short) and consonant (voiced and unvoiced) sounds, now we are going to learn all the English diphthongs:
əʊ – So /səʊ/ – Chauffeur /ˈʃəʊfəʳ/ – Coat /kəʊt/
aʊ (æʊ) – Our /aʊəʳ/ – Outrageous /aʊtˈreɪdӡəs/ – Out /aʊt/
aɪ – Quiet /ˈkwaɪət/ – Diet /ˈdaɪət/ – Biased /ˈbaɪəst/
eə – Air /eəʳ/ – Fair /feəʳ/ – Pear /peəʳ/
eɪ – Say /seɪ/ – Bay /beɪ/ – Lay /leɪ/
ɪə – Fear /fɪəʳ/ – Beer /bɪəʳ/ – Sheer /ʃɪəʳ/
ɔɪ – Boy /bɔɪ/ – Employee /ɪmˈplɔɪiː/ – Soil /sɔɪɫ/
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