“Somebody has just done something” – Present perfect 2 – “Have just done” – Post 8


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Normally, the Present Perfect is used to express non-completed actions or completed actions that you may repeat in the future. However, there are exceptions.

In the following case the Present Perfect expresses a completed action which has happened recently and you can use “just” in order to emphasize that concept:

Q: “Are you having breakfast with us today?”

A: “No thanks, I’ve just had it.”


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“Last but not least” – Signposts – Post 5


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The expression “last but not least” indicates that you are about to mention the last thing of a list of previously mentioned arguments or things, and it emphasizes that the mere fact of it being the last thing doesn’t signify that it is less important than the previous ones.

Example: “Pollution may manifest itself in different forms such as air pollution, soil pollution, and last but not least, water pollution.” Emphasizing that water pollution is not less important than air and soil pollution.


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“To see somebody off” – Post 4


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“To see somebody off” means “to say goodbye to somebody who is going to start a journey”, for example at the airport or at the train station.

Example: “We went to the airport to see Jane off.”

Meaning that we went to the airport in order to say goodbye to Jane and watch her starting her journey.


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“It was a (very) long time since somebody did something” – Past Simple – Post 3


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This particular expression is used when talking about the past to express that something happened prior to the time we are describing, and emphasizes that much time passed between the event and the time we are talking about.

Example: “It was a long time since he drove a car, yet he did it very well.”


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“It has been a (very) long time since” – Present Perfect – Post 2


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“It has been a (very) long time since somebody did something.” – This form means that somebody did something in the past, and you are emphasizing that much time has passed since that particular thing happened.

Example: “What a surprise to see you, Mark! It has been a very long time (since we met).”


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“I used to do something” vs “I am used to doing something” – Post 1


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We use “I used to do something” when speaking about the past, in order to express that we did something on a regular basis, but we don’t do it any more.

For example: When I was young, I used to cycle every day.


We use “I’m used to doing something” to say that we do something on a regular basis in the present.


For example: I’m used to cycling every day. (meaning that I do it on a regular basis, in the present.)


Note 1: In the form “I used to do something”, “used to” is a modal verb; whereas in the form “I’m used to doing something” the cell “used to” is an adjective.


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